Prix de L’Arc de Triomphe – The Jewel in Europe’s Thorughbred Racing Crown

The Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe is without doubt the most prestigious Group One race in Europe and over its history, dating back to 1920 its roll of honour has boasted some of the greatest winning horses that have been in training.

The race is open to thoroughbred, colts and fillies aged three years or over. Some quite rightly say that the race is above Group One status.

Prix de L'Arc de Triomphe. Due to the huge amount of prize money that had been made available from the 1930s onwards via State funding and later State lotteries, the race began to attract the great champions from all over Europe.

Prix de L’Arc de Triomphe. Photo by alxdup

Due to the huge amount of prize money that had been made available from the 1930s onwards via State funding and later State lotteries, the race began to attract the great champions from all over Europe. Past and present winners of the French, English and Irish Derby’s were all encouraged to enter to increase the quality of the field.

Prix de Arc de Triomphe. Past and present winners of the French, English and Irish Derby’s were all encouraged to enter to increase the quality of the field.

SHARPEN UP (GB) 1969. Chestnut Horse. Photo by BANAMINE

These days the race does not attract the same State sponsorships of the past but has been replaced by prestigious sponsors, currently the Qatar Racing and Enterprise Club (QREC) They have recently increased the prize money for the winner to a huge 5 Million Euros, making the ‘Arc’ the second richest horse race in the world, behind only the Dubai World Cup.

Prix de L'Arc de Triomphe. These days the race does not attract the same State sponsorships of the past but has been replaced by prestigious sponsors

Danedream wins the 2011 Arc for Germany. Photo by CharlesFred

The race always takes place on the first Sunday in October and is the jewel in a great day’s racing at the Longchamp racecourse in Paris. It was won in 2008 by the great and unbeaten filly, Zarkava who put a top quality field to the sword with a devastating final two furlongs to remain unbeaten in her two year racing career, but such is the allure of fees at stud as a Broodmar, Zarkava was retired following her Arc success.

Prix de L'Arc de Triomphe. The race always takes place on the first Sunday in October and is the jewel in a great day’s racing at the Longchamp racecourse in Paris.

Le beau monde a Longchamp. Photo by Jack Torcello

Favorite already for the 2009 renewal is the Epsom Derby Winner, Sea The Stars, trained in Ireland by the great John Oxx. Sea The Stars has a mighty impressive record having also won the Newmarket 2000 Guineas and the Group One Eclipse Stakes. John Oxx trained the winner of the Arc in 2000 when the great Sinndar won and that horse too won the Epsom Derby in the same season, so the credentials for a Sea the Stars victory this year are firmly in place.

Prix de L'Arc de Triomphe. Philip Treacey give over! Longchamp chic!

Photo by Jack Torcello

The most successful trainers of the race is the living legend, Andre Fabre who has trained seven winners, including the 2006 winner, Rail Link and the 2005 winner, Hurricane Run.

Top British/Irish jockey of the race is Pat Eddery who has won the race four times, including three years in succession in 1985 on Rainbow Quest, 1986 on Dancing Brave and in 1987 on Trampolino. He also won in 1980 on Detroit.

Top jockey, Frankie Dettori who is of course Italian but rides in England has three wins, his last being Marienbard in 2002.

Winners

Year Winner Age Jockey Trainer Owner Time
1920 Comrade 3 Frank Bullock Peter Gilpin Evremond de Saint-Alary 02:39.0
1921 Ksar 3 George Stern Walter Walton Mrs Edmond Blanc 02:34.8
1922 Ksar 4 Frank Bullock Walter Walton Mrs Edmond Blanc 02:38.8
1923 Parth 3 Frank O’Neill James Crawford A. Kingsley Macomber 02:38.2
1924 Massine 4 Albert Sharpe Elijah Cunnington Henry Ternynck 02:40.8
1925 Priori [a] 3 Marcel Allemand Percy Carter Gérard de Chavagnac 02:33.8
1926 Biribi 3 Domingo Torterolo Juan Torterolo Simon Guthmann 02:32.8
1927 Mon Talisman 3 Charles Semblat Frank Carter Edouard Martinez de Hoz 02:32.8
1928 Kantar 3 Arthur Esling Richard Carver Ogden Mills 02:38.8
1929 Ortello 3 Paolo Caprioli Willy Carter Giuseppe de Montel 02:42.8
1930 Motrico 5 Marcel Fruhinsholtz Maurice d’Okhuysen Max de Rivaud 02:44.8
1931 Pearl Cap 3 Charles Semblat Frank Carter Diana Esmond 02:38.8
1932 Motrico 7 Charles Semblat Maurice d’Okhuysen Max de Rivaud 02:44.6
1933 Crapom 3 Paolo Caprioli Federico Regoli Mario Crespi 02:41.6
1934 Brantome 3 Charles Bouillon Lucien Robert Edouard de Rothschild 02:41.8
1935 Samos 3 Wally Sibbritt Frank Carter Evremond de Saint-Alary 02:42.6
1936 Corrida 4 Charlie Elliott John Watts Marcel Boussac 02:38.6
1937 Corrida 5 Charlie Elliott John Watts Marcel Boussac 02:33.9
1938 Eclair au Chocolat 3 Charles Bouillon Lucien Robert Edouard de Rothschild 02:39.8
no race 1939–40
1941 Le Pacha 3 Paul Francolon John Cunnington, Sr. Philippe Gund 02:36.2
1942 Djebel 5 Jacques Doyasbère Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 02:37.9
1943 Verso II [b] 3 Guy Duforez Charles Clout Hubert de Chambure 02:33.4
1944 Ardan [c] 3 Jacques Doyasbère Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 02:35.0
1945 Nikellora 3 Rae Johnstone René Pelat Mrs Robert Patureau 02:34.8
1946 Caracalla 4 Charlie Elliott Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 02:33.3
1947 Le Paillon 5 Fernand Rochetti William Head Lucienne Aurousseau 02:33.4
1948 Migoli 4 Charlie Smirke Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III 02:31.6
1949 Coronation 3 Roger Poincelet Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 02:33.2
1950 Tantieme 3 Jacques Doyasbère François Mathet François Dupré 02:34.2
1951 Tantieme 4 Jacques Doyasbère François Mathet François Dupré 02:32.8
1952 Nuccio 4 Roger Poincelet Alec Head HH Aga Khan III 02:39.8
1953 La Sorellina 3 Maurice Larraun Etienne Pollet Paul Duboscq 02:31.8
1954 Sica Boy 3 Rae Johnstone Pierre Pelat Mrs Jean Cochery 02:36.3
1955 Ribot 3 Enrico Camici Ugo Penco Mario Incisa Rocchetta 02:35.6
1956 Ribot 4 Enrico Camici Ugo Penco Mario Incisa Rocchetta 02:34.8
1957 Oroso 4 Serge Boullenger Daniel Lescalle Raoul Meyer 02:33.4
1958 Ballymoss 4 Scobie Breasley Vincent O’Brien John McShain 02:37.9
1959 Saint Crespin [d] 3 George Moore Alec Head Prince Aly Khan 02:33.3
1960 Puissant Chef 3 Maxime Garcia Mick Bartholomew Henry Aubert 02:44.0
1961 Molvedo 3 Enrico Camici Arturo Maggi Egidio Verga 02:38.4
1962 Soltikoff 3 Marcel Depalmas René Pelat Simone del Duca 02:30.9
1963 Exbury 4 Jean Deforge Geoffroy Watson Guy de Rothschild 02:35.0
1964 Prince Royal 3 Roger Poincelet Georges Bridgland Rex Ellsworth 02:35.5
1965 Sea Bird 3 Pat Glennon Etienne Pollet Jean Ternynck 02:35.5
1966 Bon Mot 3 Freddy Head William Head Walter Burmann 02:39.8
1967 Topyo 3 Bill Pyers Mick Bartholomew Suzy Volterra 02:38.2
1968 Vaguely Noble 3 Bill Williamson Etienne Pollet Wilma Franklyn 02:35.2
1969 Levmoss 4 Bill Williamson Seamus McGrath Seamus McGrath 02:29.0
1970 Sassafras 3 Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet Arpad Plesch 02:29.7
1971 Mill Reef 3 Geoff Lewis Ian Balding Paul Mellon 02:28.3
1972 San San 3 Freddy Head Angel Penna Countess Batthyany 02:28.3
1973 Rheingold 4 Lester Piggott Barry Hills Henry Zeisel 02:35.8
1974 Allez France 4 Yves Saint-Martin Angel Penna Daniel Wildenstein 02:36.9
1975 Star Appeal 5 Greville Starkey Theo Grieper Waldemar Zeitelhack 02:33.6
1976 Ivanjica 4 Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 02:39.4
1977 Alleged 3 Lester Piggott Vincent O’Brien Robert Sangster 02:30.6
1978 Alleged 4 Lester Piggott Vincent O’Brien Robert Sangster 02:36.5
1979 Three Troikas 3 Freddy Head Criquette Head Ghislaine Head 02:28.9
1980 Detroit 3 Pat Eddery Olivier Douieb Robert Sangster 02:28.0
1981 Gold River 4 Gary W. Moore Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 02:35.2
1982 Akiyda 3 Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 02:37.0
1983 All Along 4 Walter Swinburn Patrick Biancone Daniel Wildenstein 02:28.1
1984 Sagace 4 Yves Saint-Martin Patrick Biancone Daniel Wildenstein 02:39.1
1985 Rainbow Quest [e] 4 Pat Eddery Jeremy Tree Khalid Abdullah 02:29.5
1986 Dancing Brave 3 Pat Eddery Guy Harwood Khalid Abdullah 02:27.7
1987 Trempolino 3 Pat Eddery André Fabre Moussac / McNall 02:26.3
1988 Tony Bin 5 John Reid Luigi Camici Veronica del Bono Gaucci 02:27.3
1989 Carroll House 4 Michael Kinane Michael Jarvis Antonio Balzarini 02:30.8
1990 Saumarez 3 Gérald Mossé Nicolas Clément McNall / Gretzky 02:29.8
1991 Suave Dancer 3 Cash Asmussen John Hammond Henri Chalhoub 02:31.4
1992 Subotica 4 Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Olivier Lecerf 02:39.0
1993 Urban Sea 4 Eric Saint-Martin Jean Lesbordes David Tsui 02:37.9
1994 Carnegie 3 Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 02:31.1
1995 Lammtarra 3 Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Saeed bin M. Al Maktoum 02:31.8
1996 Helissio 3 Olivier Peslier Elie Lellouche Enrique Sarasola 02:29.9
1997 Peintre Celebre 3 Olivier Peslier André Fabre Daniel Wildenstein 02:24.6
1998 Sagamix 3 Olivier Peslier André Fabre Jean-Luc Lagardère 02:34.5
1999 Montjeu 3 Michael Kinane John Hammond Michael Tabor 02:38.5
2000 Sinndar 3 Johnny Murtagh John Oxx HH Aga Khan IV 02:25.8
2001 Sakhee 4 Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 02:36.1
2002 Marienbard 5 Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 02:26.7
2003 Dalakhani 3 Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 02:32.3
2004 Bago 3 Thierry Gillet Jonathan Pease Niarchos Family 02:25.0
2005 Hurricane Run 3 Kieren Fallon André Fabre Michael Tabor 02:27.4
2006 Rail Link 3 Stéphane Pasquier André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 02:26.3
2007 Dylan Thomas 4 Kieren Fallon Aidan O’Brien Magnier / Tabor 02:28.5
2008 Zarkava 3 Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 02:28.8
2009 Sea the Stars 3 Michael Kinane John Oxx Christopher Tsui 02:26.3
2010 Workforce 3 Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Khalid Abdullah 02:35.3
2011 Danedream 3 Andrasch Starke Peter Schiergen Burg Eberstein / Yoshida 02:24.5
2012 Solemia 4 Olivier Peslier Carlos Laffon-Parias Wertheimer et Frère 0.109815
2013 Treve 3 Thierry Jarnet Criquette Head Joaan al Thani 2:32:04
2014 Treve 4 Thierry Jarnet Criquette Head Al Shaqab Racing 02:26.1
2015 Golden Horn 3 Frankie Dettori John Gosden Anthony Oppenheimer 02:27.2
2016 Found[f] 4 Ryan Moore Aidan O’Brien Tabor, Smith & Magnier 02:23.6
2017 Enable[f] 3 Frankie Dettori John Gosden Khalid Abdullah 02:28.7

 

 

Whilst the Prix de L’arc de Triomphe is the feature race of Arc day, there are a further four Group One races on the card, making it the most prestigious single day’s racing in the World. The other Group One races are Prix de L’Opera, Prix Jean-Luc Lagardere, Prix Marcel Boussac and the Prix de L’Abbaye.